diumenge, 23 de novembre de 2008

El tocino i la velocitat


Imagineu-vos que viviu en una casa de muntanya (benaurats de vosaltres!) i que enmig del cru hivern us quedeu sense llenya per la llar de foc (i per, tant, no podeu fer carn a la brasa ni cargols, desgraciats de vosaltres!). Imagineu també que teniu un veí que viu en una casa del costat, que és economista però treballa des de casa, i li demaneu que us acompanyi al bosc a tallar una mica de llenya i carregar-la al cotxe. El veí accedeix amablement. Un cop la llenya ja és a casa vostra no se us ocorre cap altra manera de compensar el favor que donar-li un bitllet de 50 euros. El veí, probablement, adoptarà una expressió ofesa, rebutjarà el bitllet i marxarà a casa seva indignat. I vosaltres fent amics.

Imagineu-vos, però, que en la mateixa situació quan arribeu a casa li oferiu al veí una copa de bon vi, instal.lats còmodament al sofà de casa. Segurament, si no es tracta d'un abstemi integrista (o d'un al.lienígena, que ve a ser el mateix), l'economista acceptarà encantat, i potser, si hi ha "feeling", serà l'inici d'una bella amistat. En termes econòmics, el vostre veí sap millor que ningú que el preu d'una copa de vi és molt menor, per molt bo que sigui el nèctar, de 50 euros. Però, en aquest exemple, el que compta és el valor, no el preu (com aquella coneguda dita castellana:
cualquier necio confunde valor y precio).

Tal com diu Dan Ariely en Les trampes del desig, la nostra vida transcorre simultàniament per dos mons paral.lels: el regit per les normes socials, inherents en la nostra naturalesa social i en la nostra necessitat de comunicació, i el governat per mercantilisme pur i dur, on l'intercanvi està perfectament definit (sobretot després de l'aparició de la moneda). L'error garrafal que heu comès en el primer exemple és barrejar els dos perfils. L'autor ho il.lustra clarament en el terreny sexual: per un
quiqui amb la vostra parella no se us passarà pel cap (espero!) deixar 60 euros damunt la tauleta de nit, com tampoc esperareu d'un intercanvi sexual mercantil que el vostre partenaire us juri amor etern. Seria barrejar el tocino amb la velocitat.

Una cosa així sembla haver passat, segons van corroborant descobriments i teories antropològiques, en el concepte de "família". Aquest tipus d'organització no és res més que una manera d'adaptar-se a les circumstàncies de cada època històrica que a l'ésser humà li ha tocat viure. Segons José María Bermúdez, codirector dels jaciments d'Atapuerca, en l'època dels caçadors-recol.lectors, la visió remilgada de la família nuclear actual hagués estat un estrepitós fracàs adaptatiu (els homes morien joves, havien de garantir la seva herència genètica amb rapidesa: en un mitjà tan hostil la poligàmia era indispensable per perpetrar l'espècie). El naixement del concepte de família nuclear tal com la entenem en la actualitat, té l'origen en la societat burgesa universalitzada durant el segle XIX. És un altre model adaptatiu, mediatitzat per la necessitat de canalitzar herències, jerarquitzant la figura del patriarca i la preeminència del germà gran sobre el petit.

Però vet aquí que (con la Iglesia hemos topado) apareix el vernís religiós i el concepte d'amor etern per acabar de fer el sediment de la parella heterosexual (Adam i Eva), perpètuament unida per lligams emocionals que res tenen a veure amb propietats, expectatives socials o rols home-dona. Ja està l'embolic muntat. I encara que la història s'entesti a demostrar-nos que són les circumstàncies socials les que modelen les formes de convivència, que en la canviant societat nostra han de ser, necessàriament heterogènies, com heterogeni és el món en que vivim, nosaltres continuem monolíticament penjats de la nostra mitja taronja, encara que en el monolític això fos impensable.

Per això, en la sèrie Padre de Familia, un dels factors que més comicitat ens causa (apart de la immensa caricatura que representa de la societat occidental) és l'infinit enamorament que Lois professa pel talòs del Peter. Bé, això i Brian, l'intel.ligent gos que parla. La inversemblança és gairebé equiparable.

16 comentaris:

Jo ha dit...

Doncs ves per ón jo no estic massa d’acord amb l’amic Ariely. El que passa en el cas de l’economista i la voluptuosa model a qui porta la llenya a casa no té res a veure amb les relacions socials.

Senzillament l’home, (que pel fet de ser economista podem suposar que està forrat) , ja té molts bitllets de 50 euros i els dóna molt poca importància: un més o menys li aporta poca cosa.

Però en canvi té poques possibilitats d’emportar-se la veïna al catre (els economistes acostumen a ser poc agraciats físicament, i a més llueixen americanes espantoses) , per la qual cosa ho aprecia infinitament més que un insubstancial bitllet de 50. Així doncs, la tria és senzilla.

La resposta hagués estat ben diferent si en lloc de l’economista hi hagués un pelat com jo: no dubtis que hauria agafat el bitllet de 50 euros (i fins i tot un de 5) i hauria desaparegut fent salts i cantant cançons de taverna com faig quan cobro la setmanada cada divendres.

I és que tal i com ens mostra el mercat, si una cosa ha estat intercanviable des dels primers temps de la humanitat, és catre per peles. No hi pot haver més mercantilisme.

Quan al concepte de família, l’explicació de l’estabilitat també és més prosaïca: Res no uneix més que una hipoteca a 40 anys.

El que la Caixa uneix no ho separa ni Déu.

Rosa Peroy ha dit...

Ben trobat en aquest bloc, Jo!

Ben mirat, les teves dues tesis són irrefutables.

Paraula d'economista.

bartomeu ha dit...

Plou,l’atractiu economista d’horrorosa americana,ma companya al bosc a recollir llenya i al veure’ns tots suats amb els cossos despullats(com tots els llenyataires normals)ens sentim atrets l’un per l’altre i comencem a escampar-nos la suor per el cos mentre les nostres boques s’ajunten en un apassionat petó entre dos homes que desconeixien tan emocionant plaer.
Quant tot s’ha acabat,tornem a casa gairebé sense dir-nos rés.
Deu ser per això que si mai se m’acudeix de demanar ajudetes,miraré primer entre les meves beines. Per no descobrir rés de nou potser?

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